China's Demographic Future - Chapter Two (Free)

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Chpt 2 shop page.jpg

China's Demographic Future - Chapter Two (Free)

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SECTION Two: The Existing Demographic Profile

The existing size, gender and age profile of the population is the fundamental determinant of many future changes in a society. It therefore has to be the starting point of the forecasts. The second Section of this Report provides the reader a comprehensive description of the existing (and immediate past) profile of the population of China.
It provides a briefing of the geographical organization of the population and how the population is reported in China (for example, Hukou versus residency, urban versus rural). It then looks at the existing age and gender profile of the population, separately for urban and rural and the resulting size of the key life stage segments. This is followed by a description of the existing situation in terms of housing including the number of units, physical size and profile in terms of number of people in them.

It then provides a description of the ‘drivers’ behind the labour force. That is the number of working age persons and their propensity to be in work, and the existing number of workers and how that has changed over the last decade. This is done separately for urban and rural populations as the dynamics are quite different. This leads into a description of the factors which influence the productivity of the workforce and how they have changed over the last decade. That is education and Accumulated Fixed Capital Investment per worker.

Finally, there is an examination of household incomes and how they have changed in the last decade.